Organic maltodextrin is a type of carbohydrate that is often used as a food additive and a sweetener. It is derived from organic corn starch and has a neutral or slightly sweet taste. It is commonly used in processed foods, beverages, and dietary supplements. But what exactly is organic maltodextrin and how is it made?
What Is Organic Maltodextrin?
Organic maltodextrin is a white powder that consists of chains of glucose molecules that are not fully broken down. It is a type of dextrin, which are starch derivatives that are produced by hydrolysis, a chemical process that involves adding water to break down starch molecules.
Organic maltodextrin is different from regular maltodextrin, which may be derived from genetically modified corn or other sources. Organic maltodextrin comes from organic corn starch, which means that the corn is grown without the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, hormones or antibiotics.
Organic maltodextrin is also different from corn syrup solids, which are another type of dextrin. The main difference is their sugar content. Corn syrup solids have at least 20% sugar, while organic maltodextrin has less than 20% sugar.
How Is Organic Maltodextrin Made?
Organic maltodextrin is made from organic corn starch by enzymatic hydrolysis. This means that enzymes are added to the starch to break it down into smaller chains of glucose molecules. The length and structure of these chains determine the properties and functions of organic maltodextrin.
The process of making organic maltodextrin involves the following steps:
- The organic corn starch is cooked and liquefied to form a slurry.
- The slurry is treated with enzymes such as alpha-amylase to break down the starch into shorter chains of glucose molecules.
- The resulting liquid is filtered and purified to remove any impurities and unwanted substances.
- The liquid is spray-dried to form a fine powder that is water-soluble and has a neutral or slightly sweet taste.
Why Is Organic Maltodextrin Used in Food?
Organic maltodextrin is used in food for various reasons, such as:
- To thicken or add texture to foods such as sauces, dressings, puddings and gelatins.
- To increase the volume or bulk of foods such as protein bars, cereals and baked goods.
- To extend the shelf life or prevent spoilage of foods by reducing moisture content and inhibiting microbial growth.
- To enhance the flavor or sweetness of foods such as drinks, candies and desserts.
- To provide a quick and easy source of energy or carbohydrates for athletes or people with diabetes or insulin resistance.
What Are the Benefits and Risks of Organic Maltodextrin?
Organic maltodextrin may have some benefits and risks for your health, depending on how much you consume and your individual condition. Some of the benefits and risks include:
- Benefits: Organic maltodextrin can provide carbohydrates and energy for your body, especially for your brain and muscles. It can also help regulate your blood sugar levels by slowing down the absorption of glucose and increasing your insulin sensitivity. It can also support your gut health by feeding the beneficial bacteria in your large intestine, which can produce short-chain fatty acids that nourish your colon cells and have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects.
- Risks: Organic maltodextrin can also cause some side effects, especially if you consume too much (more than 30 grams per day) or are sensitive to it. Some of the side effects include gas, bloating, diarrhea, constipation and cramps. These side effects are usually mild and temporary, and may subside as your body adapts to the increased fiber intake. However, some people may have more serious reactions to organic maltodextrin, such as allergies, fructose intolerance or irritable bowel syndrome. These people should avoid or limit their intake of organic maltodextrin or consult their doctor before using it.
How to Use Organic Maltodextrin?
Organic maltodextrin is available as a powder, capsule or tablet that you can use as a supplement. You can also get organic maltodextrin from foods that naturally contain it or are fortified with it. The recommended dose of organic maltodextrin varies depending on your age, health condition and goals. However, a general guideline is to start with 2 to 3 grams per day and gradually increase it to 5 to 10 grams per day. You can use organic maltodextrin with or without food, but you should drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
Organic maltodextrin is a type of carbohydrate that is often used as a food additive and a sweetener. It is derived from organic corn starch and has a neutral or slightly sweet taste. It is commonly used in processed foods, beverages and dietary supplements. It can provide carbohydrates and energy for your body, as well as support your gut health. However, it can also cause some side effects and interactions that you should be aware of before using it. You should consult your doctor before using organic maltodextrin or any other food additive.