Organic Quinoa Flour
What is it?
Organic quinoa flour is processed from organic quinoa. The Quinoa provides protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in rich amounts above those of wheat, corn, rice or oats. It is gluten-free.
Quinoa originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America, and was domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago for human consumption in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia, the Quinoa was introduced into China at the end of the last century, China has cultivated 9000 hectares of quinoa by 2017, which mainly planted in Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Yunnan, etc provinces.
Nutritional evaluations indicate that a 100 g serving of quinoa flour is a rich source (20% or higher of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins, including 46% DV for folate, and dietary minerals. After cooking, which is the typical preparation for eating, quinoa is 72% water, 21% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 2% fat. In a 100 g serving, cooked quinoa provides 120 calories and is an excellent source of manganese and phosphorus (30% and 22% DV, respectively), and a moderate source (10-19% DV) of dietary fiber, folate, and the dietary minerals, iron, zinc, and magnesium.
The flour can be either uncooked or roasted. It is commonly used in a 15 to 20 percent blend with wheat flour in desserts, bread, biscuits, and pancakes.
Several studies examined quinoa-wheat flour blends in bread, cakes, and cookies. It was concluded that breads made with 5 and 10 percent quinoa flour to be of good quality while baked goods in which greater amounts of quinoa flour were used resulted in breads with a decreased loaf volume, more open crumb grain, and a slightly harsher texture. At 30 percent, there was a bitter aftertaste.2
Cake tests found the quality “acceptable” when quinoa flour was used up to 10 percent in the flour. In cookies, the flavor improved when blends of up to 20 percent were added. The spread and appearance improved with the addition of 2 percent lecithin.